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2019年美国公民入籍考试问答100题
美国买房直通车     2019-06-25 09:55

持有绿卡的永久居民在满足连续居住3年或5年条件后,既可以申请美国入籍考试,成为美国公民,取得美国国籍。


美国公民入籍考试因为涉及了宪法,历史,文化,英语等等多个方面,所以对要参加的人士来说需要提前准备入籍试题。本文整理了最新100道美国公民入籍考试题目,中英文对照版本更方便大家的复习!

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美国入籍考试100题:


根据美国移民局入籍试题的介绍:“以下所列为公民(历史与政府的)归化的100道试题与答案。 公民测验是口试,由USCIS主考官向申请人提问100道公民试题中的10道。 申请人必须从10道中正确回答6道才能通过入籍归化的公民测验部分。


注意:年龄满65岁,并且在美国具有合法永久居留身份20年以上,仅需学习带有“*”星号的试题。


AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

美国政府


A.Principals of American Democracy

美国民主原则


001. What is the supreme law of the land?/美国的最高法律是什么?

答:The Constitution /宪法


002. What does the Constitution do?/宪法的作用是什么?

答:

Sets up the government /建立政府体制

Defines the government /定义政府

Protects basic rights of Americans保护美国人的基本权利


003. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念。这三个字是什么?

答:We the People /我们人民


004. What is an amendment?/什么是修正案?

答:

A change (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)更正

An addition (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)补充


005. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?

答:The Bill of Rights /权利法案


006. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由

答:

Speech /言论自由

Religion /宗教自由

Assembly /集会结社的自由

Press /出版自由

Petition the government /向政府请愿的自由


007. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /宪法有几条修正案?

答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27) 条


008. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/《独立宣言》的作用是什么?

答:

Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立

Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立

Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / 表示美国(脱离英国而)独立


009. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?

答:

Life / 生命(的权利)

Liberty /自由(的权利)

Pursuit of happiness /追求幸福(的权利)


010. What is freedom of religion?/什么是宗教自由?

答:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教


*011. What is the economic system in the United States?/美国的经济制度是什么?

答:

Capitalist economy /资本主义经济

Market economy /市场经济


012. What is the “rule of law”?/“法治”是什么?

答:

Everyone must follow the law. /人人都应遵守法律

Leaders must obey the law. /领导人必须遵守法律

Government must obey the law. /政府必须遵守法律

No one is above the law. /没有任何人在法律之上


B.System of Government

政府体制


*013. Name one branch or part of the government./列举政府体制的一个分支或部门

答:

Congress /国会

Legislative /立法部门

President /总统

Executive /行政部门

The courts /法院

Judicial /司法部门


014. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?

答:

Checks and balances /制衡

Separation of powers /权力分立


015. Who is in charge of the executive /谁负责行政部门?

答:The President /总统


016. Who makes federal laws?/谁制定联邦法律?

答:

Congress /国会

Senate and House (of Representatives)/参议院和众议院

(U.S. or national) legislature /(美国或国家)立法部门


*017. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/美国国会由哪两个部分组成?

答:The Senate and House (of Representatives) /参议院与众议院


018. How many U.S. Senators are there?/美国参议员有几位?

答:One hundred (100) /一百(100) 位


019. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?

答:Six (6) /六年


*020. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?/您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?

答:


021. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?/众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?

答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) /四百三十五(435) 位


022. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?/我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?

答:Two (2) /两(2)年


*023. Name your U.S. Representative./列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字?

:略


024. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?/美国参议员代表何人?

答:All people of the state /其所在州的所有人民。


025. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? /为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?

答:

(because of) the state’s population/(由于)该州的人口。

(because) they have more people /(由于)该州有更多人口。

(because) some states have more people /(由于)该州的人口比其他州多


026. We elect a President for how many years?/我们选出的总统任职多少年?

答:Four (4) /四(4) 年


*027. In what month do we vote for President?/我们在哪一个月份选总统?

答:November /十一月


*028. What is the name of the President of the United States now?/现任美国总统的名字是什么?

答:Donald Trump /唐纳德·特朗普


029. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?/现任美国副总统的名字是什么?

答:Mike Pence/迈克·彭斯


030. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?

答:the Vice President /副总统


031. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?

答:the Speaker of the House /众议院议长


032. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Military? /谁是三军统帅?

答:the President /总统


033. Who signs bills to become laws?/谁签署法案使之成为法律?

答:the President /总统


034. Who vetoes bills? /谁否决法案?

答:the President /总统


035. What does the President’s Cabinet do?/总统的内阁做什么事?

答:advises the President /向总统提出建议


036. What are two Cabinet-level positions?/两个内阁级别的职位是什么?

答:

Secretary of Agriculture /农业部长

Secretary of Commerce /商务部长

Secretary of Defense /国防部长

Secretary of Education /教育部长

Secretary of Energy /能源部长

Secretary of Health and Human 健康与人类服务部长

Secretary of Homeland Security /国土安全部长

Secretary of Housing and Urban 住宅与都市发展部长

Secretary of Interior /内政部长

Secretary of State 国务卿

Secretary of Transportation/交通部长

Secretary of Treasury /财政部长

Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs /退伍军人事务部长

Secretary of Labor /劳工部长

Attorney General /司法部长

Vice President /副总统


037. Does the judicial branch do?/司法部门做什么?

答:

Reviews laws /审查法律

Explains laws /解释法律

Resolves disputes (disagreements)/解决争论(意见不一致)

Decides if a law goes against the Constitution /决定某一法律是否抵触宪法


038. What is the highest court in the United States? /美国最高法院是什么?

答:The Supreme Court /联邦最高法院


039. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? /最高法院有几位大法官?

答:Nine (9) / 9 位


040. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? /美国首席大法官是谁?

答:John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)/约翰‧罗伯兹(小约翰G.罗伯兹)


041. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? /根据美国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。联邦政府的一项权力是什么?

答:

to print money /印制钞票

to declare war /宣战

to create an army /创立军队

to make treaties /签订条约


042. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? /根据美国宪法,有些权力属于州政府。州政府的一项权力是什么?

答:

Provide schooling and education /提供学校及教育

provide protection (police) /提供保护(警察)

Provide safety (fire departments) /提供安全(消防局)

Give a driver’s license /核发驾驶执照

Approve zoning and land use /批准区划与土地使用


043. Who is the Governor of your state?/您居住州的现任州长是谁?

答:


*044. What is the capital of your state?/你所在州的首府为何?

答:


*045. What are the two major political parties in the United States? / 美国当今两大政党为何?

答:Democratic and Republican /民主党和共和党


046. What is the political party of the President now? /现任总统属于哪个政党?

答:Republican(Party) /共和党


047. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?/众议院的议长是谁?

答:Paul Ryan/保罗.莱恩


C.Rights and Responsibilities

权力与责任


048. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them./宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案。试举一个。

答:

Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). /十八(18) 岁以上的公民(可以投票)

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. /您投票不必缴钱(缴投票税)

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) /任何公民都可以投票(男性与女性都可以投票)

A male citizen of any race (can vote) 任何种族的男性公民(都可以投票)


*049. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?

答:

Serve on a jury /当陪审员

Vote /在联邦选举中投票


050. Name one right only for United States citizens./列举一项美国公民才享有的权利

答:

Vote in a federal election /在联邦选举中投票的权利

Run for federal office /竞选公职的权利


051. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?

答:

Freedom of expression /表达自由

Freedom of speech /言论自由

Freedom of assembly /集会结社的自由

Freedom to petition the government/向政府请愿自由

Freedom of worship /宗教崇拜的自由

The right to bear arms /持有武器的自由


052. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?

答:

the United States /美利坚合众国

The flag /国旗


053. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?

答:

Give up loyalty to other countries /放弃效忠其他国家

Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /护卫美国的宪法及法律

Obey the laws of the United States/遵守美国的法律

Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时)加入美国军队

Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)

Be loyal to the United States /效忠美国


*054. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?

答:Eighteen (18) and older /十八(18) 岁以上


055. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?(注:回答下列任何两项即可)

答:

Vote /投票

Join a political party /加入政党

Help with a campaign /协助竞选活动

Join a civic group /加入公民团体

Join a community group /加入小区团体

Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。

Call Senators and Representatives/拨电给参议员和众议员

Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /公开支持或反对某个议题或政策

Run for office /竞选公职

Write to a newspaper /向报社投函


*056. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?

答:(每年的)4月15日


057. When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?

答:

At age eighteen (18) /年满十八岁时

Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 岁至廿六(26) 岁之间


AMERICAN HISTORY

美国历史


A.Colonial Period and Independence

殖民期与独立


058. What is one reason colonists came to America?/殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?

答:

Freedom /自由

Political liberty /政治自由

Religious freedom /宗教自由

Economic opportunity /经济机会

Practice their religion /从事宗教活动

Escape persecution /逃避迫害


059. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?

答:

Native Americans /美国原住民

American Indians /美国印第安人


060. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?

答:

Africans /非洲人

People from Africa /来自非洲的人


061. Why did the colonists fight the British?/殖民者为何与英国作战?

答:

Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)

Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)

Because they didn’t have selfgovernment/因为他们没有自治权


062. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/《独立宣言》是谁写的?

答:(Thomas) Jefferson /(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统)


063. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的?

答:July 4, 1776 /1776 年7 月4 日


064. There were 13 original states.Name three. /美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。

答:

New Hampshire /新罕布什尔

Massachusetts /麻萨诸塞

Rhode Island /罗得岛

Connecticut /康涅狄格

New York /纽约

New Jersey 纽泽西

Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚

Delaware /特拉华

Maryland /马里兰

Virginia /弗吉尼亚

North Carolina /北卡罗莱纳

South Carolina /南卡罗莱纳

Georgia /乔治亚


065. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?

答:

The Constitution was written. /拟定宪法

The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /开国诸贤拟定了宪法


066. When was the Constitution written?/宪法是何时拟定的?

答:1787 年


067. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过。请列举一名《联邦论》的作者?

答:

(James) Madison /(杰姆斯)麦迪逊(第四任总统)

(Alexander) Hamilton /(亚历山大)汉米顿(第一任财政部长)

(John) Jay /(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官)

Publius /普布利乌斯(以上三位共同笔名)


068. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?

答:

U.S. diplomat /美国外交官

Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /制宪会议年纪最长的成员

First Postmaster General of the United States /美国第一任邮政总局局长

Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”/《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者

Started the first free libraries /开办第一个免费图书馆


069. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?/谁是「美国国父」?

答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿


*070. Who was the first President?/谁是第一任总统?

答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届)


B.1800s 1800年代


071. hat territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?

答:

the Louisiana Territory /路易斯安那领地

Louisiana /路易斯安那


072. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。

答:

War of 1812 /1812 年战争

Mexican-American War /美墨战争

Civil War /内战

Spanish-American War /美国与西班牙战争


073. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称?

答:

The Civil War /内战

The War between the States /州际战争


074. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /列举一项导致内战的问题

答:

Slavery /奴隶制度

 reasons /经济原因

States’ rights /各州的权力问题


*075. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?

答:

Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /解放奴隶(解放宣言)

Saved (or preserved) the Union /拯救(保留)联盟

Led the United States during the Civil War /在内战期间引领美国


076. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /《解放宣言》达成了什么?

答:

Freed the slaves /解放了奴隶

Freed slaves in the Confederacy /解放了联邦制下的奴隶

Freed slaves in the Confederate state 解放了联邦各州的奴隶

Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶


077. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?

答:

Fought for women’s rights /为女权奋斗

Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗


C.Recent American History

美国近代史


*078. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争?

答:

World War I /第一次世界大战

World War II /第二次世界大战

Korean War /朝鲜战争

Vietnam War /越战

(Persian) Gulf War /(波斯湾)海湾战争


079. Who was President during World War I?/第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?

答:(Woodrow) Wilson/(伍德罗)威尔逊


080. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?

答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗兰克林·罗斯福(1933至1945连任四届)


081. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?

答:Japan, Germany and Italy /日本、德国、意大利


082. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争?

答:World War II /第二次世界大战


083. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?

答:Communism /共产主义


084. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?

答:civil rights (movement) /民权(运动)


*085. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么?

答:

Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗

Worked for equality for all Americans /为所有美国人争取平等


086. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件?

答:Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国


087. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./列举一个美国印地安人部族。

答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔)、Navajo / 纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔)、Sioux /苏、Chippewa /齐普瓦、Choctaw /乔克陶、Pueblo /布耶布洛、Apache /阿帕契、Iroquois /伊洛奎斯、Creek /库瑞克、Blackfeet /布雷克非特、Seminole /赛米诺利、Cheyenne /夏安、Arawak /阿拉瓦克、Shawnee /萧尼、Mohegan /莫希根、Huron /休伦、Oneida /欧尼达、Lakota /拉科塔、Crow /克洛、Teton /泰顿、Hopi /贺皮、Inuit /伊努特


INTEGRATED CIVICS

综合公民(归化试题)


A.Geography 地理


088. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./列举美国最长的两条河中的一条?

答:

Missouri (River) /米苏里(河)

Mississippi (River) /密西西比(河)


089. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/美国西岸濒临什么海洋?

:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋


090. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /美国东岸濒临什么海洋?

答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋


091. Name one U.S. territory./列举一个美国领地?

答:

Puerto Rico /波多黎各

U.S. Virgin Islands /美属维京群岛

American Samoa /美属萨摩亚

Northern Mariana Islands /北马里亚纳群岛

Guam /关岛


092. Name one state that borders Canada./列举一个与加拿大毗连的州?

答:

Maine /缅因州

New Hampshire /新罕布什尔州

Vermont /佛蒙特州

New York /纽约州

Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚州

Ohio /俄亥俄州

Michigan /密执安州

Minnesota /明尼苏达州

North Dakota /北达科塔州

Montana /蒙大拿州

Idaho /爱达荷州

Washington /华盛顿州

Alaska /阿拉斯加州


093. Name one state that borders Mexico./列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州?

答:

California /加利福尼亚州

Arizona /亚利桑那州

New Mexico /新墨西哥州

Texas /得克萨斯州


*094. What is the capital of the United States?/美国的首都在哪里?

答:Washington, D.C. /华盛顿哥伦比亚特区


*095. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/自由女神像在哪里?

答:

New York (Harbor) /纽约(港)

Liberty Island /自由岛

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).](回答:新泽西,纽约市附近,或在哈德逊河均属正确答案)


B.Symbols 标志


096. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/国旗上为何有十三个横条?

答:

Because there were 13 original colonies /因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地

Because the stripes represent the original colonies /因为横条代表最早的殖民地


*097. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/国旗上为何有五十颗星?

答:

Because there is one star for each state /因为每州有一颗星

Because each star represents a state 因为每颗星代表一个州

Because there are 50 states /因为有五十个州


098. What is the name of the national anthem? /国歌的歌名为何?

答:The Star-Spangled Banner /星光灿烂的旗帜


C.Holidays 假期


*099. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天?

答:July 4 /七月四日(1776年)


100. Name two national U.S. holidays./试述两个美国国定假日?

答:

New Year’s Day /新年(元旦)

Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /小马丁路德金纪念日

Presidents’ Day /总统日

Memorial Day /追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日)

Independence Day /独立纪念日

Labor Day /劳工节

Columbus Day /哥伦布日

Veterans Day /退伍军人节

Thanksgiving /感恩节

Christmas /(耶稣)圣诞节


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